Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
Seeds of the idea under Rajiv Gandhi and Narasimha Rao govts THE WORLDAzerbaijan launches military operation in Nagorno-Karabakh Syllabus ... Azerbaijan, whose inhabitants are mostly Muslim, links its historical identity to the territory too ... What is the Azerbaijan-Armenia dispute over the region ECONOMY Bima Sugam.
Minister of Economy of Azerbaijan Mikayil Jabbarov (L) with Prime Minister Viktor Orb�n (R) ... with Mikayil Jabbarov, Minister of Economy of Azerbaijan ... Prime Minister Viktor Orb�n welcomed Minister of Economy of Azerbaijan, Mikayil Jabbarov, at the Carmelite Monastery on Monday.